syndrome Parkinson’s is one of the increasingly common diseases. Statistics show that over 6 million people worldwide suffer from it; about 70,000 cases have been diagnosed in Poland alone. There is still no cure for this extremely difficult and unpleasant ailment. However, there are some ways to relieve or even stop the symptoms that are progressing. Below, we explain what Parkinson’s disease is, what its causes and symptoms are, and how to manage the condition.

What is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s syndrome is named after James Parkinson. In 1817, he was the first to observe and describe the symptoms of the disease.

Parkinson’s is a disorder of the central nervous system that involves the degeneration of structures in the brain. This, in turn, leads to various symptoms that interfere with everyday functioning. 

Statistics show that Parkinson’s disease affects men more than women. The age when the syndrome occurs most often is from 60 years up, but it is more and more common that younger people suffer from the disease. In the case of the female gender, the presence of Parkinson’s is often associated with the menopause and the fall of a hormone in the body called estrogen. 

Scientists speculate that as societies continue to age, Parkinson’s disease will become more common and affect more and more people around the world.

Parkinson’s Causes and Symptoms The

immediate cause of Parkinson’s syndrome is the degeneration and death of cells in the brain, in part known as the black matter. In a healthy, unaffected brain, neurons should release dopamine, which is responsible for transmitting signals between the substantia nigra and the striatum. Nerve impulses are responsible for the work of muscles and the movements of our body in accordance with our will. When the first signs of Parkinson’s disease are present, that is, when about 85% of the dopamine-producing cells have died, physical dysfunction occurs. 

Although we know the immediate causes and course of Parkinson’s disease, scientists still do not know the simple answer to the question of where the disease comes from. The most probable cause is genetic conditions, which, combined with unfavorable environmental factors, can lead to the onset and slow development of the disease.

Doctors have identified some symptoms that can help in the early diagnosis of Parkinson’s. These include impaired sense of smell, depression and depressed mood, and sleep disturbances. However, it is impossible not to notice that these are not very specific symptoms, because not every person suffering from depression and insomnia will experience Parkinson’s disease in their life. Also, early motor symptoms are difficult to spot and relate to a disease, as they are usually associated with the typical signs of aging. It may take more than a year from the onset of symptoms to complete diagnosis. 

The most specific motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are: 

  • periodic trembling of the hands – this symptom can occur with normal activities such as yawning. Head or leg tremors also occur, but it occurs much less frequently; 
  • muscle stiffness;
  • forward tilt;
  • hooking one foot on uneven ground;

Remember that Parkinson’s syndrome is a progressive disease. Therefore, the above-mentioned symptoms occur in one of its early stages. Parkinson’s disease is divided into: the early pre-motor period, the early motor period, the advanced and the periodperiod of extremely severe symptoms. 

Parkinson’s disease is not only about motor symptoms. In recent years, a lot of research has been devoted to non-motor symptoms, which very often cause great discomfort to patients and significantly hinder everyday functioning. These include, among others:

  • neuropsychiatric symptoms – depression and accompanying apathy and dementia, there may be anxiety of various origins and psychotic disorders, including hallucinations;
  • autonomic disorders – these include, but are not limited to, problems with bowel movements, involuntary urination, erectile dysfunction;
  • nighttime symptoms such as restless legs syndrome and sleep disturbances;

Equally common symptoms will include pain of various origins, especially in the spine and shoulder, and visual disturbances. 

Treating Parkinson’s

There is no cure or vaccine that can cure Parkinson’s syndrome. Currently, the treatment is based on a combination of pharmacological treatment and continuous rehabilitation, sometimes surgical intervention is also necessary. The implemented treatment aims to stop and relieve some of the Parkinson’s symptoms; this allows affected patients to function better in everyday life. One of the relatively new, but at the same time very promising methods of treatment is the CBD oil treatment. What is it about? 

CBD in the treatment of Parkinson’s Syndrome

CBD, or cannabidiol, is a chemical found in the female inflorescences of some cannabis strains. In addition to THC, it is one of the compounds found in these plants that have been best researched by scientists. However, unlike THC, CBD does not cause dementia, hallucinations or other effects characteristic of consuming marijuana, which is popular in some circles. Products with CBD content are not only 100% safe for health. Research has proven that hemp-derived preparations, for example hemp oil, have a beneficial effect on the human body and help with many diseases – including the symptoms of Parkinson’s syndrome. 

CBD oils are preparations that we get through extraction. The concentration of cannabidiol in the composition is important in the context of its action on our body. There are no official guidelines as to the recommended amount of taking the preparation, but it is believed that it is worth starting with a lower dose and gradually increasing it, depending on our needs. Oils are one of the most common and most frequently consumed forms of CBD. Their popularity is due to several reasons. First of all, dosing is very easy; the consistency of the oil and the pipette make it easier to measure the right amount of the preparation. Another advantage is the good and quick absorption of CBD oil by the human body. The action begins fifteen minutes after taking the oil under the tongue. Through the mucosa, the oil quickly enters the bloodstream and is metabolized by the liver. It is also possible to take CBD in the form of an ointment on the skin, dried or crystals and suppositories. The latter are the least commonly used forms, but at the same time they are recommended in case of problems with taking CBD orally. 

Recent scientific evidence shows that consumption of CBD oils by people with Parkinson’s affects some of its bothersome symptoms. Symptoms CBD oils help with include: 

  • Sleep problems – research shows that taking a dose of 75 to 300 mg of CBD oil affects sleep quality; in people with Parkinson’s syndrome, the quality of sleep is often impaired, and its improvement is especially important in terms of well-being;
  • Psychotic Disorder – One of the common symptoms in people with Parkinson’s is hallucinations, delusions, and other psychoneurotic problems. Research shows that even small amounts of CBD oil inhibit the occurrence of hallucinations;
  • Oxidative stress, neurodegeneration – according to scientific reports, CBD has a neuroprotective effect, especially important in Parkinson’s disease;
  • Movement disorders – according to Czech research on the effects of CBD on Parkinson’s disease, oils help with movement disorders such as muscle stiffness, slowness of movement and tremors;
  • Pain – pain of various origins is often an integral part of Parkinson’s syndrome. Research indicates that CBD has analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties that can relieve patients with extreme discomfort without worrying about straining the liver. 

CBD oils and other hemp products are completely legal to produce and sell, also in Poland. Therefore, their purchase is possible both in-store and via websites. It is worth remembering to choose a store that enjoys recognition and a proven reputation; then we will be sure of the high quality of the purchased products. 

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