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How does alcohol addiction develop?

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Alcohol abuse becomes addiction gradually and often goes unnoticed. Usually the so-called risky drinking, i.e. the consumption of three or more drinks every day, leads to full-blown addiction after a few years. There are attempts in medicine to set the boundaries of the so-called safe drinking, not addictive. It is considered safer to drink when you consume no more than two drinks a day, but only ten drinks a week. This means that if you drink two drinks a day, you don’t drink for two days a week. The drink is equivalent to 50 ml of 40% alcohol, 140 ml of wine or 0.7 l of 3% beer.

Is there such a thing as safe drinking?

Talking about safe drinking is illusory. Usually, anyone who abuses alcohol admits that they drink twice as much alcohol than they actually drink. People who abuse alcohol find many reasons for their drinking. In addition, in the case of women, these numbers are different, due to a slower rate of alcohol breakdown in the body. In practice, this means that the so-called safe drinking for a woman is not more than one drink a day.
The causes of alcohol addiction

People drink for a variety of reasons. Men drink for fun more often, they choose to spend their time in this way because of the pleasure it gives them. Women, on the other hand, usually drink to get away from anxiety, sadness, problems or insomnia. Both ways lead to addiction.
Symptoms of alcoholism. Mental and physical addiction

The first trait of physical alcohol dependence is withdrawal symptoms such as shivering, sweating, nausea, headache, and anxiety. The second physical trait of addiction is tolerance. People addicted to alcohol can consume a large amount of alcohol, and the environment may not notice that they are under the influence of alcohol. Usually, a person who has 1.5% of alcohol in their blood is unable to stand on their feet, is sleepy and has difficulty maintaining contact with the environment. This alcohol content corresponds to drinking about half a liter of 40% alcohol within a dozen or so minutes. An addicted person may have 2-3 blood alcohol levels and still be able to drive a car, talk and even perform precise work activities. If we hear in the media about people who had 2-3 per mille of alcohol in their blood when they were arrested by the police, we can be sure that they are addicted to alcohol.

How to Treat Alcoholism?

Treatment of alcohol dependence is difficult due to patients’ lack of motivation and frequent relapses. There are basically two pathways in addiction therapy – one of them assumes the possibility of maintaining complete abstinence and is based on twelve-step therapy. Read more about alcohol detox

Unfortunately, for the majority of addicts, making a decision about total abstinence is too difficult, so there is a second way of treating alcohol dependence, the so-called harm reduction. It consists in limiting the amount of alcohol consumed in order to reduce its harmful health. The harm reduction method can lead to complete abstinence over time.

Once a person becomes addicted to alcohol, he is addicted for life. There is no return to controlled drinking. Every addicted person smolders hunger for alcohol, so it is risky for the addicted person to drink even small amounts of alcohol occasionally. It’s better to think about why we need to drink alcohol, grasp the reason, and change our lives and ourselves so that we don’t need to drink.

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