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Drug addiction is an addiction that threatens more and more young Poles. Like alcoholism, it is a progressive, incurable, and fatal disease. What factors increase the risk of drug addiction?

– Factors related to the social environment that affect a young person’s faith in himself and his future. One should distinguish here, first of all, the lack of life prospects, unemployment and high crime.

– Disturbed relationships in complete families, broken families, lack of any support or understanding, incorrect patterns on the part of parents related to, for example, alcohol abuse, consequently lead to the generation of escape attitudes among children, in which the drug becomes one of the forms of these escapes.

– Uncertainty and emotional immaturity, poor motivation to act that does not bring immediate benefits and low resistance to stress.

– Parental attitudes, often responsible for more serious personality disorders. They can be important in social contacts. There are, among others, exaggerated idealization or disregard for others, distortions of identity, changing moods and a sense of emptiness. All the aforementioned aspects may result from the incorrect treatment of the child by the parents and distancing themselves from their emotional needs. As a result of drug abuse, serious antisocial behavior may worsen.

Among the mental disorders that may play a primary role in susceptibility to addiction, anxiety and mood disorders predominate. As drugs relieve disorders in an ad hoc manner, disorders during addiction will continue to develop and worsen more and more. The increased risk of addiction is not only due to environmental influences, but may also be related to biological factors.

Related: Drug addiction treatment

Psychoactive substances are used not only by adults but also by children and adolescents. The most common cause of initiation, mentioned by addicted youths, is the influence of colleagues, escape from problems and curiosity.


The peer group turns out to be a significant environment in which the young person functions. If there is approval for drug-related behavior in a given environment, a young person who wants to be accepted by the group will want to behave in accordance with the norms in the group. The more benefits an individual sees from drug use than from non-action, the more likely he or she will yield to group pressure.

The motive of escaping from reality indicates that some adolescents do not have the skills to deal with difficult situations correctly. Taking the drug, although it will not solve the problem, will make the young person forget about it for a moment. Postponing the solution to the problem may aggravate it much more, so the situation will become more and more stressful, leading to the urge to run away, i.e. to take the drug.

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